POLITICS AND REGIONAL INTERESTS
THEMATIC FOCUS Politics and Power (PCE)
Debates fostered by social and political groups about the role of government in American social, political, and economic life shape government policy, institutions, political parties, and the rights of citizens.
Learning Objective C
Explain how different regional interests affected debates about the role of the federal government in the early republic.
Regional interests often trumped national concerns as the basis for many political leaders’ positions on slavery and economic policy.
Plans to further unify the U.S. economy, such as the American System, generated debates over whether such policies would benefit agriculture or industry, potentially favoring different sections of the country.
Congressional attempts at political compromise, such as the Missouri Compromise, only temporarily stemmed growing tensions between opponents and defenders of slavery.